Definition of refraction:

part of speech: noun

The bending of a ray of light towards the perpendicular when it passes into a denser medium, as from air into water, and from the perpendicular when it passes into a rarer medium, as from water into air; in mech., the incurvation or change of determination in the body moved; in astron., the apparent angular elevation of celestial bodies above their true places, caused by the refracting power of the atmosphere; double refraction, the refraction of light in two directions, and consequent production of two distinct images.

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To calm; to pacify; to soften; to mitigate. ...